The Romans invaded Astypalaia in the 2nd century BC, but instead of using the island as a place for exiles, as in the case of many other islands, took advantage of its strategic position and made a port for their ships whilst building at a high altitude far from the sea. This protected the island from pirates, and during the Byzantine era, the island retained it’s vigor.
The Venetians conquered the Aegean in the early 13th century AD, and Astypalaia’s defense began to decline. Finally, the Turks conquered the island in the 16th century AD and remained in Astypalaia until its liberation in the 19th century AD. The island was again occupied by the Italians during the Second World War until 1948.
Astypalaia can deal with the following activities: